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 “Weaving Culture: A Dive into the Traditional Dresses of Assam”



assam dress, the enchanting land of tea gardens and lush green landscapes, is equally renowned for its rich cultural heritage. Traditional attire in Assam is a vivid reflection of the state’s diverse ethnic groups and history. In this blog post, we will delve into the traditional dresses of Assam, shedding light on the unique style and significance of these garments. But before we embark on this sartorial journey, let’s remind ourselves to be responsible shoppers and make our purchases through legal and ethical channels.

Mekhela Chador: The Quintessential Assamese Attire

Title: “Mekhela Chador: The Epitome of Assamese Elegance”

The Mekhela Chador is the most iconic traditional dress of Assam, worn by Assamese women with pride. It comprises two pieces: the ‘mekhela,’ a lower garment, and the ‘chador,’ an upper drape. Mekhela Chador is typically made from Muga silk, Paat silk, or Eri silk, which are indigenous to Assam. The richness of the fabric and the intricate motifs make it a symbol of grace and tradition.

Women in Assam wear Mekhela Chador on various occasions, from festivals to weddings. Each region in Assam has its distinct style, adding to the diversity of this attire. To ensure that you own an authentic Mekhela Chador and contribute to ethical practices, purchase it from reputable silk stores or artisans.

Dhoti and Kurta: Men’s Traditional Attire

Title: “Dhoti and Kurta: The Timeless Charm of Assamese Men’s Wear”

Assamese men traditionally wear the Dhoti and Kurta, a combination that exudes simplicity and elegance. The Dhoti, an unstitched piece of cloth, is draped around the waist and secured with pleats, while the Kurta, a long shirt, complements the look.

This attire is not only comfortable but also a cultural symbol. It is commonly worn during festivals, Bihu celebrations, and religious ceremonies. To ensure that your Dhoti and Kurta are authentic and ethically sourced, consider purchasing them from reputable outlets or local tailors who specialise in traditional Assamese attire.

 Riha and Muga: A Burst of Colours

Title: “Riha and Muga: The Colourful Delight of Assamese Dressing”

Assamese women often pair their Mekhela Chador with a Riha, a vibrant and intricately designed scarf. The Riha adds a burst of colours to the attire, making it even more stunning. It is worn over the shoulders and draped gracefully.

Muga silk, known as the golden silk of Assam, is a popular choice for Rihas. These Rihas are not just accessories but also significant in Assamese culture. When acquiring Rihas, ensure that they are sourced from legitimate vendors who follow ethical practices, preserving the artistry of this tradition.

Assamese Jewellery: Adorning with Elegance

Title: “Assamese Jewellery: The Finishing Touch of Elegance”

No traditional attire is complete without the right jewellery, and Assamese dressing is no exception. Assamese women adorn themselves with exquisite jewellery, which includes intricately designed necklaces, bangles, earrings, and anklets.

The jewellery often reflects the region’s natural beauty, featuring motifs inspired by flora and fauna. To respect the law and support ethical practices, consider acquiring Assamese jewellery from trusted craftsmen or reputable stores that specialise in these unique pieces.

The Beauty of Bihu Attire

Title: “Bihu Attire: Celebrating Assam’s Most Beloved Festival in Style”

Bihu, the most celebrated festival in Assam, calls for special attire. During Bihu, women wear vibrant and colourful Mekhela Chadors with intricate designs, while men don their traditional Dhoti and Kurta. The festive spirit is further elevated by the melodious Bihu dance and traditional music.

When preparing for Bihu celebrations, ensure that your attire is sourced ethically and legally. Supporting local artisans and businesses during this time not only adds authenticity to your attire but also contributes to the preservation of Assam’s cultural heritage.

 Assam Dress: A Cultural Emblem

Title: “Assam Dress: A Cultural Emblem That Tells a Story”

The traditional dresses of Assam are more than just garments; they are cultural emblems that narrate the history and heritage of the state. Each piece, whether it’s the Mekhela Chador, Dhoti and Kurta, or Riha, carries a unique tale of craftsmanship and tradition.

In today’s digital age, while shopping online may seem convenient, it’s essential to exercise caution and ensure that your purchases are made from legitimate sources. Uphold ethical practices by supporting local artisans and boutiques, thus preserving the rich cultural identity of Assam.


Assamese attire is a testament to the state’s rich cultural diversity and heritage. From the elegance of the Mekhela Chador to the simplicity of the Dhoti and Kurta, these traditional dresses encapsulate the essence of Assam. As you explore these garments and jewellery, remember to make ethical choices and purchase from legitimate sources, thus becoming a guardian of Assam’s cultural heritage. Celebrate the beauty of Assam’s traditional dresses while upholding the law and preserving tradition for generations to come.

Read more Draping Elegance: The Splendor of Kerala Traditional Dress

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